How Many Regions Are There in Turkey?

| Created : 2023-10-19
| Updated : 2024-02-23
Created : 2023-10-19
Updated : 2024-02-23

The division of Turkey into regions is important to facilitate a better understanding of the country's geography. Due to its geographic location, Turkey has distinctive features for each region. These features result in different physical, social, and economic conditions. 

So we can say that life in the Marmara Region can differ from life in the Eastern Anatolia Region. Not only the lifestyle but also the statistical data can differ from the other regions.

For example, the population density or the economic revenues will be different from one another.

Therefore the government proposed the division of regions in Turkey to have a better understanding of the characteristics of the regions in Turkey.

Turkey divides itself into a total of 7 geographic regions, which are as follows: Marmara Region, Aegean Region, Mediterranean Region, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Region, and Southeastern Anatolia Region.

In this article, we will provide the necessary information about the regions in Turkey.

As every region offers a different lifestyle to its inhabitants, it would be best for the reader to plan their purchase of a property in Turkey by taking this information into account.

The Marmara Region

The Marmara Region, a vibrant crossroads between the Balkan Peninsula and Anatolia, serves as a bridge connecting Europe and Asia. Spanning an area of approximately 67,000 square kilometers, accounting for about 9% of Turkey's total landmass, the Marmara Region stands as the nation's most populous, with an impressive 26 million inhabitants.

Named after the eponymous inland sea, the Marmara Sea, this region is surrounded by this vital waterway, acting as a crucial channel between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. Istanbul, a global metropolis within the region, boasts the iconic 15 July Bridge, one of several majestic structures linking two continents.

Thousands of vessels laden with cargo navigate beneath this bridge annually, highlighting the Marmara Region's pivotal role in international trade and transport. Consequently, the Marmara Region reigns as Turkey's economic powerhouse, generating substantial revenue.

In 2022, the Marmara Region witnessed a remarkable 10.3% growth in property sales, with a total of 417,406 transactions registered. This surge in demand underscores the region's enduring appeal and the continued appreciation of its real estate value.

Investing in an apartment in Istanbul, therefore, presents a compelling opportunity for lucrative returns. Beyond its economic vibrancy, the Marmara Region captivates with its natural beauty and rich history. Istanbul, Bursa, and the region's captivating coastline have become renowned tourist destinations. Summer tourism thrives along the southern coast, while winter tourism flourishes in Mount Uludağ, a premier winter sports haven. The Marmara Region also holds the distinction of generating the highest tourism revenue in Turkey.

Furthermore, the Marmara Region beckons individuals seeking diverse employment opportunities and a vibrant lifestyle. Aspirations range from the bustling urban life of Istanbul to the tranquil charm of nearby cities like Bursa, Tekirdağ, and Edirne.

To be fully informed, we recommend you to check our blogs where we explain every pros and cons of living in the cities that we mentioned in the text.

The Aegean Region

The Aegean Region, with its mesmerizing coastline and world-renowned resorts, beckons travelers and investors alike. Steeped in history, the region was once home to the Aeolians, Lydians, Carians, Mysians, and Ionians, leaving an indelible mark on its cultural landscape. Dotted with ancient treasures like the captivating city of Ephesus, the Aegean Region unveils a captivating blend of history and natural beauty.

Along its sun-kissed shores, the Aegean Region unveils an irresistible tapestry of pristine beaches, tranquil seas, verdant mountains, and sprawling olive groves. Izmir, Mugla, Balikesir, and Canakkale stand as the region's prominent cities, each offering its unique charm. Encompassing 11% of Turkey's total landmass, the Aegean Region stretches across an impressive 79,000 square kilometers.

Coastal cities and towns, vibrant with tourism, attract a significant portion of the region's population. Bodrum, a gem within Mugla, has emerged as a hub for vibrant nightlife and a cosmopolitan lifestyle. Embracing a more Western-style ambiance, this region has become a haven for those seeking a blend of modern comforts and natural allure.

Fueled by its enduring appeal, the Aegean Region's real estate market is thriving. In July 2023, housing prices in the region witnessed a remarkable 7.3% increase compared to the previous month. Experts predict that this upward trajectory is poised to continue, particularly in popular tourist destinations like Bodrum, Çeşme, and Marmaris.

Bodrum, in particular, stands out as a hotspot for real estate investments, with apartments being particularly sought-after. For those seeking to immerse themselves in the vibrant Aegean lifestyle, investing in property in Bodrum offers a compelling opportunity to reap both financial rewards and an unparalleled living experience.

If you'd like to know more about Izmir and Mugla, two pearls of the Aegean region, we recommend you read our articles that can help you give an idea about how life goes on in Mugla and Izmir.

The Mediterranean Region

The Mediterranean Region, basking in the warmth of its long summer season, captivates with its rich cultural tapestry, natural wonders, and enchanting cities. Following the Marmara Region in terms of tourism, the Mediterranean Region proudly claims Antalya as its vibrant hub. Each year, millions of visitors flock to this region, drawn by its irresistible allure.

Antalya, a city that seamlessly blends tranquility with vibrancy, offers a dual lifestyle, catering to both retirees seeking serene havens and young hearts yearning for lively adventures.

The Mediterranean Region, named after the azure sea that embraces its shores, encompasses 15% of Turkey's landmass, stretching across an impressive 120,000 square kilometers. This region presents an idyllic haven for those seeking cozy homes, with each city unveiling its unique charm. Pristine beaches, where the emerald hues of nature meet the azure embrace of the sea, create a symphony of beauty.

A culinary haven awaits in the Mediterranean Region, where unique regional flavors tantalize taste buds. History buffs will find themselves enthralled by the region's deep-rooted past, evident in ancient ruins and architectural marvels.

The Mediterranean Region stands as a prime destination for real estate investments. In 2022, over 231,000 residential properties found new owners in this coveted region. Antalya, the region's crown jewel, witnessed the highest number of property sales, with 103,194 homes changing hands.

International buyers have also recognized the Mediterranean Region's allure, with Russians, British, Germans, and Ukrainians consistently demonstrating a strong preference for this coastal paradise.

Whether seeking a cozy retreat, a luxurious beachfront villa, or a lively urban hub, the Mediterranean Region promises an unparalleled living experience.

If you are interested in buying a property in the Mediterranean Region but lack the necessary information about the place, we suggest you check our articles about the city of Antalya.

The Black Sea Region

The Black Sea Region, a haven of verdant landscapes, charming tea plantations, and a deeply rooted culture, beckons those seeking a tranquil lifestyle amidst harmonious communities. Here, neighborly bonds remain strong, fostering a sense of belonging that is often lost in the hustle and bustle of modern life.

For those seeking a more traditional lifestyle, the Black Sea Region offers an array of new housing projects, providing the perfect setting to embrace a sense of community and immerse oneself in the region's rich heritage.

Encompassing approximately 18% of Turkey's total land area, the Black Sea Region stretches across an impressive 141,000 square kilometers. Its coastal landscape is characterized by rugged cliffs and picturesque rivers that gracefully meander through the canyons of the coastal ranges.

Endless plateaus and soaring mountains provide a captivating backdrop for outdoor enthusiasts, attracting thousands of camping and hiking aficionados each year. The Black Sea Region is a paradise for those who seek the thrill of adventure amidst nature's grandeur.

While the region is renowned for its natural beauty, it's important to note that its climate is characterized by frequent rainfall. For some, this may contribute to a perception of gloominess. However, for those who appreciate the refreshing touch of rain and the lush greenery it nurtures, the Black Sea Region offers a unique and invigorating environment.

The Black Sea Region is experiencing a surge in real estate sales, mirroring the growth witnessed in the Marmara Region. In 2022, over 140,000 properties were sold in the region, representing a remarkable 5% increase and signaling a promising future outlook.

Arab investors have also shown a growing interest in the Black Sea Region, recognizing its potential for lucrative real estate investments. This trend is expected to continue, further solidifying the region's position as a desirable destination for property seekers.

The Black Sea Region, with its cultural tapestry, tranquil lifestyle, and promising real estate market, presents an enticing opportunity for those seeking a harmonious blend of tradition, nature, and investment potential. Whether seeking a cozy retreat amidst verdant landscapes or a gateway to outdoor adventures, the Black Sea Region promises an enriching and fulfilling living experience.

The Central Anatolia Region

At the very heart of Turkey lies the Central Anatolia Region, a land of captivating contrasts, where the wild embraces the civilized. This region, Turkey's second-largest in terms of landmass, has long been favored by those seeking a more traditional lifestyle.

Vast open spaces and fertile soils make Central Anatolia a significant contributor to Turkey's economy through agriculture and livestock. Summers here are sun-kissed and warm, while winters bring a blanket of snow, transforming the landscape into a winter wonderland.

Nature enthusiasts are drawn to the region's iconic fairy chimneys, subterranean cities, and ancient ruins, particularly in Cappadocia, Göreme, Aksaray, and Konya. These wonders stand as testaments to the region's rich history, boasting artifacts dating back to the Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

Beyond its historical treasures, Central Anatolia is renowned for its traditional Turkish crafts and culinary culture. Here, visitors can immerse themselves in the heart of authentic Turkish heritage, savoring the region's unique flavors and witnessing the artistry of its skilled craftsmen.

The real estate market in Central Anatolia is experiencing steady growth, with over 210,000 housing sales reported in the region. This increase of 6% compared to the previous year indicates a positive outlook for the region's property market.

While the region is predominantly home to Turkish nationals, a growing number of foreigners are recognizing the appeal of Central Anatolia's unique blend of history, culture, and real estate opportunities.

  • Ankara, the region's capital and Turkey's political center, offers a vibrant urban experience.
  • Konya, steeped in history and culture, is home to the revered Mausoleum and Museum of Mevlana.
  • Kayseri, a hub of economic development, is renowned for its furniture production, textiles, food industry, and commerce.
  • Eskisehir, with its prestigious universities, thriving industrial zones, and advanced transportation systems, presents a dynamic urban landscape.

Central Anatolia, with its captivating landscapes, rich heritage, and promising real estate market, beckons those seeking a harmonious blend of tradition, modernity, and investment potential.

The Eastern Anatolia Region

With a legacy spanning millennia and a tapestry woven from diverse civilizations, the Eastern Anatolia Region has emerged as a shining tourist destination, captivating both local and international travelers. Its historical treasures, mystical aura, and renowned scholars blend seamlessly with its breathtaking natural beauty, creating a region of immense tourism potential.

Despite recent challenges, Eastern Anatolia continues to enchant visitors with its delectable cuisine and unique historical artifacts, some dating back as far as 2,000 BC. Majestic Mount Ararat and serene Lake Van beckon outdoor enthusiasts and mountaineering aficionados, offering unparalleled opportunities for adventure amidst nature's grandeur.

2023 marks a period of exciting growth for Eastern Anatolia. With a remarkable 10% increase compared to 2022, property sales surged to an impressive 50,000 transactions. This surge reflects the region's positive economic and social trajectory, attracting a growing number of real estate investors.

Infrastructure investments have played a pivotal role in propelling Eastern Anatolia's development, generating increased demand from discerning investors. Significant projects, including natural gas exploration and railway expansions, have further enhanced the region's appeal, presenting a promising investment landscape.

Check our article about why anyone should invest in this land of opportunities:

The Southeastern Anatolia Region

Nestled amidst Turkey's seven geographical regions, Southeastern Anatolia occupies a unique position, captivating visitors with its rich history, diverse culture, and agricultural potential. Encompassing six provinces—Adana, Batman, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Mardin, and Sanliurfa—and several districts, this region unveils a tapestry of experiences waiting to be explored.

Southeastern Anatolia stands as a testament to the passage of time, bearing the imprints of civilizations that once flourished upon its lands. The Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Romans, and Byzantines have all left their indelible mark on the region's cultural landscape, making it a magnet for history enthusiasts from across Turkey and beyond.

Cultural diversity thrives in Southeastern Anatolia, evident in its vibrant traditions, captivating music, and delectable cuisine. Visitors are often captivated by the region's culinary delights, which are sure to tantalize taste buds and leave a lasting impression.

The real estate market in Southeastern Anatolia has experienced steady growth, with an average of 40,000 sales annually. In 2023, house sales witnessed a 5% increase compared to the previous year. However, the recent earthquake in the region has raised concerns about the potential impact on the real estate market.

Investing in Southeastern Anatolia presents both opportunities and challenges. While the region offers promising returns due to its untapped potential, it is important to acknowledge the potential risks associated with natural disasters and the need for infrastructure development in certain areas.

As Istanbul Property, we help you to reach your dream home. No matter how confusing it may seem to buy a house in another country, we offer you the most stress-free and professional help on this winding road. Don't hesitate to contact us, we can help you.